Self-medication in the Russian cities: the results of multicenter cross-sectional FarSaR study

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To evaluate the prevalence of self-medication among adult population in the Russian cities and the consumers’ attitude towards self-medication.

Material and methods

Cross-sectional prospective PharSaR study (Pharmacoepidemiological aspects of Selfmedication of Russian population) was conducted in 12 cities among 3798 adults aged 18 or older.


Average prevalence of self-medication was 63.1%. Majority of respondents (62.1%) used OTC drugs, e.g. non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs and herbal medications, for self-medication. The major indications for self-treatment were gastrointestinal disorders, headache, prophylaxis, acute viral respiratory tract infections and different types of pain.


.The majority of Russian population use different medications for self-treatment. It is necessary to develop and distribute objective informational materials for population to reduce the risk associated with uncontrolled self-medication.

Key words

Self-medication, prevalence, causes, choice of drugs, effectiveness assessment.