To evaluate the antihypertensive therapy in patients with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) and arterial hypertension (AH) in the nephrological department of a multidisciplinary hospital.
Material and methods
In a retrospective study, we evaluated medical records of 258 hypertensive patients with stage 3-5 CKD who were admitted to the nephrology department of the Regional Clinical Hospital in Barnaul.
The average number of prescribed antihypertensive drugs was 3.1 ± 0.1. The frequency of prescription was 72.5% for beta-blockers, 57.8% for calcium antagonists, 55.8% for thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics, 27.9% for loop diuretics, 1.9% for potassium-sparing diuretics, 40.7% for angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, 31.0% for angiotensin receptor blockers, 20.5% for central imidazoline receptor agonists, and 12.8% for alpha-blockers. The total frequency of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers pre- scription was 69.4%. It decreased in patients with a lower glomerular filtration rate and a higher proteinuria. More than half of patients not receiving RAS blockers did not have clear contraindications for their use.
In real clinical practice, not all patients with CKD who require nephroprotection, particularly with stage 4-5 CKD and high proteinuria, receive this kind of treatment.
Chronic kidney disease, renin-angiotensin system blockers, arterial hypertension.