The authors review approaches to the early prediction of cardiovascular diseases in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, e.g. using central arterial pressure, arterial stiffness, and a loss of arterial stiffness gradient. The bulk of data was presented either on diabetes mellitus in general or on type 2 diabetes mellitus, while there is a clear gap in information on type 1 diabetes mellitus. The study of the elastic properties of the vascular bed in these patients can become the basis for the early prevention of cardiovascular complications.
Cardiovascular diseases, type 1 diabetes mellitus, central arterial pressure, arterial stiffness, a loss of arterial stiffness gradient.